The claim that Erdoğan died due to a heart attack is false

On Sunday the 21st of July several Twitter users and foreign news outlets claimed that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan had allegedly died due to a heart attack. The claims that Erdoğan has died due to a heart attack is inaccurate. The statement that was provided by the Presidency shows that there is no health concern regarding the President. Also, the President was seen in public on the 24th of July.

Understanding information disorder: three pillars for a new framework

The Council of Europe published a report titled “Information Disorder: Toward an Interdisciplinary Framework for Research and Policy Making” on September 27, 2017. The report prepared by Claire Wardle and Hossein Derakhshan is a result of the quest to offer a more nuanced perspective to the problem of information pollution which has been reduced to “fake news” concept.